Section Seven – Russian Naval Forces in the Mediterranean 1805-1809

by Robert Goetz

I. Vessels from the Black Sea Fleet

Squadron of Captain-Commodore Aleksandr Andreevich Sorokin (Rear-Admiral December 1805 or January 1806)
  • Sorokin recalled to Russia on arrival of Seniavin, left Corfu with additional vessels not listed and 4 battalions 3 March 1806
  • Vessels listed below were placed under Seniavin’s command (Greig as second in command)
Ship
Class
Captain
Notes
Fate
Svyataya Paraskeva
(Святая Параскева)
Ship-of-the-Line -74
I.O. Saltanov
(1802-1809)
Arrived at Corfu with troop transports 26 June 1804
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809
Asiya
(Азия)
Ship-of-the-Line -66
G.G. Belli
(1804-1807);
E.D. Borotsy
(1807-1809)
Arrived at Corfu with troop transports 26 July 1804
February-September 1807 at Corfu
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809
Mikhail
(Михаил)
Frigate -50
M.E. Snaksarev
(1804-1809)
Arrived at Corfu with troop transports 3 August 1804
Adriatic Operations February 1806-September 1807
At Trieste December 1807
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809
Grigorii Velikiya Armenii
(Григорий Великия Армении)
Frigate -50
F.P. Sarandinaki
(1804-1806)
Arrived at Corfu as a troop transport 13 September 1804
Used as transport 1805 to January 1806
Used as floating hospital on Corfu [1806]- 1809
Sold 1809 in Corfu
Transferred to French on Corfu October 1809
Svyatoi Mikhail
(Святой Михаил)
Ship-of-the-Line -74
F.P. Lelli
(1804-1807)
Arrived at Corfu as a troop transport late August 1805
Used as transport 1805-6
Sold to French on Corfu, December 1807
Diomid
Corvette -24
 Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Used as transport, Nov06
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809
Kherson
(Херсон)
Corvette -24
 Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Used as transport, Nov06
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809
Grigorii
(Григорий)
Corvette -24
 Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Used as transport 1806?
Fate unknown
Pavel
(Павел)
Corvette -18
 Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Fate unknown
Dnepr
(Днепр)
Corvette -18
 Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Used as transport, Nov06
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809
Altsinoe
Corvette -18
 Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Fate unknown
Letun
(Летун)
Brig -16
 Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809
Aleksandr
(Александр)
Brig -16
Lt-Cdr Salti
Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809
Bogoyovlensk
Brig -16
 Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
Damaged in action at Tenedos, abandoned and burned 24 June 1807
Orel
(Орёл)
Brig -16
 Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Might be the unnamed fourth brig surrendered at Venice October 1809

II. Vessels from Baltic Fleet

A.  Squadron of Captain-Commodore Alexei Samuelovich Greig (promoted to Rear Admiral January 1806)
  • Departed Kronstadt 25 October 1804
  • At Portsmouth for 6 weeks, Gibraltar 7 January 1805
  • Arrived Corfu 23 January 1805
Ship
Class
Captain
Notes
Fate
Svyataya Elena
(Святая Елена)

Ship-of-the-Line -74
I.T. Bychenskii (1804-1808)
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813
Retvizan
(Ретвизан)
Ship-of-the-Line -64A.S. Greig (1798-1806); M.M. Rtitshev (1806-1808)
Formerly Swedish Rattvisan - taken 23 June 1790 at Vyborg
Greig’s flagship, 1804-1808
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813
Venus
(Венус)
Frigate -50
R.I. Elfinston (1804-1805); E.F. Razvozov (1806-1807); K.I. Andreyanov (11.1807)

Formerly Swedish Venus (F. af Chapman frigate) - taken 21 May 1789 at Christianfjord
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November
Left Lisbon 21 November
At Palermo December 1807
Sold to Kingdom of Naples 27 December 1807
Renamed Venere, sold for breakup 1814
Avtroil
(Автроил)
Frigate -32 Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809
B.  Squadron of Rear Admiral Seniavin (promoted to Vice Admiral January 1806)
  • Departed Kronstadt 22 September 1805
  • At Portsmouth 21 October – 28 November, Gibraltar 26 December 1805, Cagliari 10-19 January 1806, Messina 23-28 January 1806
  • Arrived at Corfu 30 January 1806
Ship
Class
Captain
Notes
Fate
Selafail
(Селафаил)
Ship-of-the-Line -74
P.M. Rozhnov (1805-1808)
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813
Yaroslav
(Ярослав)
Ship-of-the-Line -74
F.K. Mitkov (1805-1809)
Seniavin’s flagship, 1805 - 1806
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Left at Lisbon as unseaworthy, sailed to Portsmouth 1809 after repairs
Sold at Portsmouth 1813
Moskva
(Москва)
Ship-of-the-Line -74
E.P. Gettsen (1803-1809)
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
Left Corfu 14 October 1807, damaged in storm
At Porto Ferrajo (Elba) 29 October 1807 to April 1808
Sailed to Toulon April 1808
Sold to France at Toulon 9 October 1809
Uriil
(Уриил)
Ship-of-the-Line -80M.T. Bychenskii (1805-1810)
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
Damaged in storm, returned to Corfu
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809
Svyatoi Petr
(Святой Рётр)
Ship-of-the-Line -74
I.A. Baratinskii (1805-1807)
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
Left Corfu 14 October 1807, damaged in storm
At Porto Ferrajo (Elba) 29 October 1807 to April 1808
Sailed to Toulon April 1808
Sold to France at Toulon 9 October 1809
Kildyuin
(Кильдюин)
Frigate -26
Razvozov (1805-26.i.06);
D.A. Durnovo (26.i.06-1808)
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-May 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
May-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813
Feniks
(Феникс)
Brig -16
 Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Purchased in Portsmouth, October/November 1805
February-May 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
May-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809
Argus
(Аргус)
Brig -12 Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Purchased in Portsmouth, October/November 1805
Might be the unnamed fourth brig surrendered at Venice October 1809
C.  Squadron of Captain-Commodore I.A. Ignatyev  (killed in action with Turks 23 May 1807)
  • Departed Kronstadt on 31 August 1806
  • Arrived at Corfu 2 January 1807
Ship
Class
Captain
Notes
Fate
Rafail
(Рафаил)
Ship-of-the-Line -80
D.A. Lukin (1805-1807); A.T. Bychenskii (1807-1808)
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Abandoned 1808 in Lisbon (unseaworthy)
Tverdyi
(Твердый)
Ship-of-the-Line -74D.I. Maleev (1806-1808)
Seniavin’s flagship 1807 - 1808
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813
Moshnyi
(Мощный)
Ship-of-the-Line -66B. Krovve (1805-1807); E.F. Razvozov (1808)
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Returned to Russia 1813, BU1817
Skoryi.
(Скорый)
Ship-of-the-Line -66R.P. Shelting (1805-1808)
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813
Silnyi
(Сильный)
Ship-of-the-Line -74I.A. Ignatyev (1806-1807); D.S. Shishmarev (1807);
A.P. Malgin (1808)
Ignatyev’s flagship 1806-1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Returned to Russia
Legkii
(Легкий)
Frigate -44
A.B. Povalishin
(1804-1809)
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to French in Trieste 1 November 1809
Shpitsbergen
(Шпитсберген)
Brig - 32
 February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Gibraltar November 1806
At Lisbon 27 November (refused entry to harbor)
At Vigo 7 December
Sold at Vigo in 1812
Flora
(Флора)
Corvette -24
 February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
Fate unknown
Strela
(Стрела)
Cutter -20
 February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809

III. Ships Captured or Purchased in the Mediterranean

Ship
Class
Captain
Notes
Fate
Sedel-Bakhri
(Седель-Бахри)
Ship-of-the-Line - 80 (90?)
G.G. Belli
(1807-1808);
I.S. Sulmenev (1808-1809)
Formerly Turkish Sedd-el Bahr - Taken 30 June 1807 at Athos Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to Austria [sic] at Trieste, 9 October 1809
Derzkii
(Держкий)
Corvette -28
 Purchased February 1807
Sometimes referred to as a Sloop
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809
Gazard
(Газард)
Brig - 16/14
 Formerly French Hasard – taken 28 February 1806 in cutting out expedition at Cattaro
Might be the unnamed fourth brig surrendered at Venice October 1809
Bonasorte
Brig - 16 Captured from French at Ancona, 1799
Might be the unnamed fourth brig surrendered at Venice October 1809
Zabiaka
Xebec – 14
 Formerly French Henrich - Captured 2 July 1806
Fate unknown
Tremenda
(Тременда)
Half Xebec -2
 Formerly French Tremendeaux - Captured 2 July 1806
Fate unknown



Sources:
Anderson, R. C.  Naval Wars in the Levant, 1559-1853.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1952.
Chernyshev, A. A.  Rossiiskii Parusnyi Flot.  Moskva:  Voennoe Izdatelystvo, 1997.
Mikhailovsky-Danilevski, A.  Russo-Turkish War of 1806-12.  Translated by Alexander Mikaberidze.  West Chester, Ohio:  George Nafziger, 2002.
“Sorokin, Aleksandr Andreevich.”  Russkii Biograficheskii Slovar'.  St. Petersburg: Izdanie Imperatorskago, 1896-1918.
Saul, Norman E.  Russia and the Mediterranean, 1797-1807.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 1970.
White, D. Fedotoff.  “The Russian Navy in Trieste during the Wars of the Revolution and the Empire.”  American Slavic and East European Review, Vol. 6, Issue 3 / 4  (Dec. 1947), 25-41.

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